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Guidelines for identifying, treating, and living with anxiety disorder

Do you know that feeling when your heart beats faster?

Or do your palms sweat when you have a difficult task or event in front of you? We all experience anxiety and fear from time to time. Anxiety is a normal emotion. However, people with an anxiety disorder often feel consumed by fears of things that others may find irrational. It is quite possible that this is an attempt to connect with these concerns, and thus so many people have no idea how best to help someone with a nervousness problem.

It’s frustrating when you get stressed out or see a friend or family member experience bouts of anxiety and nervousness on a regular basis, but there are a few things that can help. It all starts with recognizing the signs of severe anxiety and understanding the best ways to deal with it or support a loved one with an anxiety disorder. This blog discusses the symptoms of an anxiety disorder and how to deal with this disorder.

How to define an anxiety disorder?

Assuming you often feel anxious, read this blog to see if you have a stress problem. There are several types of anxiety disorders. Below are the different types of anxiety disorders with the symptoms they cause. Read them and ask yourself if you are experiencing similar problems.

This is a kind of nervousness problem where you are afraid and for the most part stay away from circumstances or places that can infuriate you and make you feel humiliated, defenseless or trapped.

generalized anxiety disorder
This type of anxiety disorder involves excessive and persistent worry and worry about events or activities, even mundane, mundane issues. Your anxiety goes beyond the real situation, affects your physical well-being, and is difficult to control. For the most part, it happens along with sadness or other anxiety issues.

panic disorder
This disorder includes recurring episodes of sudden feelings of extreme anxiety and fear or terror. These feelings peak within minutes (panic attacks). You may have chest pain, a feeling of impending doom, shortness of breath or fluttering, heart palpitations or palpitations (palpitations). Panic attacks can lead to worry that they are reoccurring or to avoid the situations in which they occurred.

Social phobia or social anxiety disorder
This disorder includes high levels of avoidance, fear, and anxiety about social situations due to feelings of shyness, anxiety, and embarrassment at being viewed or judged negatively by others.

Specific phobias
They are characterized by significant anxiety when exposed to a particular situation or object and a desire to avoid it. For some people, phobias trigger panic attacks.

How to treat an anxiety disorder?

Doctors usually start with two powerful tools for treating anxiety: medication and psychotherapy (or conversation). For some patients, therapy is what they need. Others need medication. And for many, a combination of both is the way to go.

Starting therapy with a counselor, psychologist, or psychiatrist is a vital first step in getting your anxiety under control. Mental health professionals are available to use a variety of techniques that remember individual discussions, actions, and tasks to help you become more aware and in control of your feelings. CBT, or cognitive behavioral therapy, is one common approach that can be especially effective for treating anxiety.

Prescription drugs
Sometimes medication is needed to bring anxiety under control. These medicines are most effective if you take them every day to prevent anxiety, although sometimes your doctor may prescribe them as needed. Prescription drugs for anxiety include:

  • Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors or SNRIs such as venlafaxine, duloxetine
  • SSRIs or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as paroxetine, sertraline, or fluoxetine
  • Atypical antipsychotics such as seroquel
  • Tricyclic antidepressants such as tofranil
  • Beta blockers such as propanolol
  • Benzodiazepines such as ativan, alprazolam, or clonazepam

Other Things You Should Do to Live Better with Anxiety Disorder

In addition to, or perhaps instead of, medications and therapies, there are various means to keep this disorder from taking over your life. Below are some of the tools with the most scientific evidence to back them up.

Get enough sleep.
Sleep and anxiety have a complex relationship. On the one hand, sleep deprivation increases stress by confusing our thoughts and making it difficult to deal with them. On the other hand, it becomes even more difficult to fall asleep if you are constantly worried. If you have an anxiety disorder, you need to take some specific steps to improve the quality of your sleep.

Make sure your bedroom is dark and at a comfortable temperature. Avoid drinking alcohol and don’t eat a lot right before bed. Don’t watch TV or other screens right before bed. Find a relaxing activity such as meditation, reading, journaling, listening to soft music to slow down your brain, or praying before bed. Exercise during the day to keep your body tired and ready for sleep.

Reconnect with yourself.
In fact, this disorder becomes a problem when your fears outgrow the real dangers in your life. Paying attention to your mind and body can help you better tune in to reality. To do this, you must follow strategies such as mindfulness, meditation, biofeedback (which teaches you to control your blood pressure and heart rate through breathing and relaxation), and yoga.

Reconnect with others.
Communication with others helps to arm yourself against anxiety. That’s what support groups are for. However, you don’t need a special group to feel connected. Find a hobby, religious organization, discussion club, exercise group, or volunteer activity that interests you and that will help you connect with others.

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