Antibiotics are medicines that inhibit the development and growth of pathogenic cells. They are prescribed for bacterial infections (for colds and flu are useless). This pharmacological group includes many medicines that differ in mechanism and spectrum of action, indications, contraindications, and side effects.
Classification of antibiotics
They are bactericidal, causing the death of pathogens, as well as bacteriostatic, which prevents the reproduction of microbes, and leads to the blocking of all vital functions of pathogenic microorganisms.
Also, antibacterial drugs come with a narrow and broad spectrum of action, that is, affecting certain or all strains and types of bacteria. They are obtained from living organisms (natural) and artificially in the laboratory (synthetic). There are also semi-synthetic medicines, which are modified molecules of natural analogs.
What are the types of antibiotics?
- Penicillins are the very first type of broad-spectrum antibacterial medicines. They are prescribed for diseases affecting the upper and lower respiratory tract (pneumonia, bronchitis, sinusitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis), urinary organs (gonorrhea, cystitis, prostatitis, urethritis), digestive organs (dysentery, cholecystitis), syphilis and other diseases.
- Cephalosporins are the most popular strong drugs used in a hospital setting. Most often produced in the form of injections. Used to treat meningitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, cystitis, inflammation of soft tissues, bones, and other diseases.
- Carbapenems are a fairly new type of antibiotic that is prescribed when other means do not save. They treat pneumonia, sepsis, acute surgical diseases of the abdominal cavity, peritonitis, endometritis, meningitis, and immunodeficiency against the background of neutropenia. They have a fairly serious list of contraindications, so they are used strictly under the supervision of a doctor.
- Macrolides are drugs with low toxicity, as a result of which they are often prescribed during pregnancy, as well as in young children. Prescribed for bronchitis, pneumonia, infections of the upper respiratory tract, urethritis, erysipelas, and dermatosis.
- Tetracyclines are prohibited when carrying a child, in childhood. They are used for trachoma, tuberculosis, intestinal diseases, leptospirosis, and gonococcal infection.
- Fluoroquinolones are good broad-spectrum drugs effective against meningitis, tuberculosis, sepsis, gonorrhea, sinusitis, and bronchitis.
- Aminoglycosides are indispensable for neutropenia, pyelonephritis, sepsis, cystitis, osteomyelitis, and pathologies of the respiratory system. Negatively affect the organs of hearing, and kidneys.
- Glycopeptides are often combined with aminoglycosides to get rid of streptococcus, enterococcus, and Staphylococcus aureus. Also effective against pneumonia, cellulitis, and endocarditis.
- Lincosamides are used in severe bacterial infections (osteomyelitis, pneumonia, necrotizing fasciitis).
Where to buy antibiotics
All of the above antibiotics can be bought in our online pharmacy.
Our prices for antibiotics are among the lowest, as products are shipped directly from our warehouses. After that, you can pick up antibiotics at the pharmacy closest to your home.